The Role of Supervisory Board in Corporate Governance in Vietnam: From Legal Regulations to Practice


  • Dr. Phan Thi Thanh Thuy



Good corporate governance is always associated with an effective internal control system, which is expected to quickly forecast and detect the infringements of laws and the company's charters committed by the main corporate governance bodies like the board of directors, the general director, and provide timely advice on remedial solutions. Following this theory, since the adoption of the first Vietnamese company law in 1990, the supervisory board, a special body of Vietnamese corporate governance structure, has formed and become a traditionally internal control body in joint-stock companies (JSCs). However, supervisory boards seem not to promote their effectiveness as expected. Many major violations conducted by the board of directors and the CEO took place in large companies, where the supervisory boards did not detect or were complicit in these violations. Most recently, the trend of replacing supervisory boards with independent directors and audit committees has occurred in many public companies in Vietnam. This paradox raises questions about the ineffectiveness of supervisory boards and the reasons causing the situation. To find the answers, the article will focus on analyzing the role of the supervisory board in Vietnamese JSCs compared with international practices. Thereby, to find out the reasons for the limitations of supervisory boards in both legal provision and practice. To conclude the research, the article will make some suggestions for reforming the supervisory board so that this internal control body could bring its effectiveness.