Design of High-Speed Low Power Computational Blocks for DSP Processors


  • N. Alivelu Manga
  • V.V. Satyanarayana Tallapragada
  • G.V. Pradeep Kumar
  • R. Sai Prasad Goud



In today’s deep submicron VLSI (Very Large-Scale Integration) Integrated Circuits, power optimization and speed play a very important role. This importance for low power has initiated the designs where power dissipation is equally important as performance and area. Power reduction and power management are the key challenges in the design of circuits down to 100nm. For power optimization, there are several techniques and extension designs are applied in the literature. In real time Digital Signal Processing applications, multiplication and accumulation are significant operations. The primary performance criteria for these signal processing operations are speed and power consumption. To lower the power consumption, there are techniques like Multi threshold (Multi-Vth), Dula-Vth etc. Among those, a technique known as GDI (Gate diffusion Input) is used which allows reduction in power, delay and area of digital circuits, while maintaining low complexity of logic design. In this paper, various signal processing blocks like parallel-prefix adder, Braun multiplier and a Barrel shifter are designed using GDI (Gate diffusion Input) technique and  compared with conventional CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) based designs in terms of delay and speed. The designs are simulated using Cadence Virtuoso 45nm technology. The Simulation results shows that GDI based designs consume less power and delay also reduced compared to CMOS based designs.