Some Peculiarities of Episootic Process during Entorobacteriosis in Small Ruminants on the Territory of the Chechen Republic


  • Ruslan Kh. Gayrabekov
  • Raisa Kh. Gayrabekova
  • Ayna M. Dochtukaeva
  • Fatima S. Turlova
  • Yacha S. Usaeva



Enterobacteriosis in agricultural animals are quite widespread. These are human and animal infectious diseases caused by pathogenic or opportunistic pathogenic representatives of various geni of the Enterobacteriaceae family, that often lead to the death of infected individuals. Enterobacteria capable of causing infectious diseases are widespread in nature, as they are isolated from soil, water, fruit, vegetables, grains, plants, representatives of various systematic groups of animals and humans. Among these microorganisms there is a wide variety of strains that differ by ecological properties, hosts range and pathogenicity for plants, animals and humans. A number of species cause gastrointestinal diseases, i.e. are enteropathogenic. Representatives of 12 geni out of the 30 from the Enterobacteriaceae family - Citrobacter, Escherichia, Enterobacter, Hafnia, Klebsiella, Morganella, Proteus, Providencia, Salmonella, Serratia, Shigella, Yersinia, are responsible for different pathologies in animals. There is lack of research data on the main pathogens diagnostics, peculiarities of the epizootic process at these diseases, the mechanisms of circulation and the species composition. The purpose of the present work is to evaluate the spread of enterobacteriosis and to assess some peculiarities of the epizootic process at these diseases on the territory of the Chechen Republic.