A Contemporary View of Depressive Symptomatology


  • Svetlana A. Velikova




Objectives. The purpose of the study was to explore personality traits of women with depressive symptomatology. We assumed that women with depressive symptomatology have lower anxiety and high sensitivity, are emotionally unstable, display underconfident behaviour and unstable self-esteem. Design. We present the results of a comparative analysis of two samples of participants: an experimental sample (n = 10) that included women with depressive symptomatology, and a control sample (n = 10). Methods. To verify the above hypothesis, the study employed the methods of testing, questionnaire survey, expert assessment and mathematical-statistical analysis (Mann — Whitney U-test). The study was carried out in the regional psychiatric hospital. Results. The study revealed marked differences between the values of dysthymia, suspicion, wittiness, charm, adaptedness, tearfulness, emotional instability and the level of discrepancy between the level of aspiration and self-esteem relative to character, intellect, and abilities. Conclusions. The paper describes a typology of depressions based on E. S. Averbukh's classification of syndromes and includes: melancholic depression, anxious depression, senesto-hypochondriaс depression, asthenic depression, depersonalization depression, obsessive-compulsive depression. Depressive symptomatology is most likely to occur in emotionally unstable women with inflated self-esteem. The paper has a practical value for professionals in the fields of psychology and psychotherapy.