Results of Colostomy Use in Children with Anorectal Malformation
Introduction. Anorectal malformations in children are still one of the most challenging problems in pediatric coloproctology. The incidence of anorectal malformations in recent years has no tendency to decrease and, according to various authors, ranges from 1 in 4000-5000 live births. Most pediatric surgeons continue to adhere to the opinion about the advisability of preliminary colostomy and delayed proctoplasty at the age of 6-18 months or when the child reaches a certain body weight (8-10 kg.). They are motivating this tactic with the possibility of creating an optimal condition for performing a complex intervention, reducing anesthetic risk, avoiding technical errors. Objective is to improve treatment outcomes for anorectal malformations in children with prior colostomy. Materials and methods. The work is based on the results of treatment of 154 children with anorectal malformation, with preliminary colostomy in the clinic of the Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute for the period from 2000 to 2020. Along with routine and general clinical examination methods, all children underwent: X-ray of the abdominal cavity, colostography, fistuloirrigography, excretory urography, cystography, ultrasound of the perineum (small pelvis), neurosonography (NSG) screening tests. Results. 154 (10*0%) children had colostomy as a palliative stage of treatment. Of these 117 (76%) children developed colostomy on the first day of life, with the development of intestinal obstruction. In 37 (24%) children, the formation of a colostomy was performed directly by us. 9 (5.8%) children as the first stage before primary radical correction with a high form of the defect and 10 (6.5%) children previously operated on and requiring re-corrective operations, 5 (3.2%) patients underwent colostomy after the development of complications in the early postoperative period. In 13 (8.5%) cases, colostomies were formed with identified concomitant anomalies and defects that clinically "dominated" over anorectal malformation. In 2 (5.4%), a double sigmastoma was imposed, in 2 (5.4%) a distal single-barreled sigmastoma, in 5 (13.5%) the Hartmann type terminal sigmastoma. Conclusion. The use of colostomy in children with anorectal malformation made it possible to carry out the necessary surgical tactics in a timely and differentiated manner. To reduce the frequency, nature of complications and early disability, to improve the quality of life and social adaptation of patients.
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