The Relationship between the Image of the Future and the Assessment of the Living Environment in Migrants (On the Example of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky)
The article presents the results of a scientific psychological study on the relationship between the image of the future and the assessment of the living environment in migrants. Scientific and theoretical approaches to the study of the time perspective and the image of the future and the socio-psychological characteristics of migrants’ adaptation to new living conditions are examined. The article presents the results of an empirical study based on comparing the groups of migrants living Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky; the groups are derived through clustering the results of M. Lalli’s “Urban Identity Scale” and differ in the subjective attitude towards the place of residence. It is discovered that migrants with a more positive attitude towards the living environment are characterized by a more positive image of the future. It is established that in both groups of migrants, the attitude towards the time perspective changes in parallel with the change in certain aspects of identification with the city while identification with the city changes in parallel with the elements of the attitude towards the time perspective. A number of patterns are identified in the relationship between the level of identification with the city and the characteristics of time perspective in general and the image of the future in particular which differ across the groups of migrants with the negative and more positive assessment of the living environment.