Impact of International Experience on the Regulation of Domestic Tourism in Russia
The development of domestic tourism at the present stage is very relevant since it will contribute to the development of small and medium-sized businesses in tourism, employment, the formation of modern infrastructure, the preservation of a competitive environment in the market of tourist services, and the increase in the share of tourism in the economy. The purpose of this study is to substantiate the impact of international experience on the measures of regulation of domestic tourism in Russia. The article reveals the essence of domestic tourism, explains the excellent characteristics and advantages of domestic tourism. The process of organizing the functioning of domestic tourism has been investigated, considering international experience in regulation. It has been substantiated that the development of domestic tourism can be effective only if mechanisms of state regulation are introduced (tax regulation, stimulation of enterprises engaged in domestic tourism, priority for the state, promotion of the national tourism product in the service markets). The article analyzes the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the tourism industry, identifies problems and prospects for the development of domestic tourism during the pandemic. Based on the expert survey, the regulatory measures that have been taken by foreign countries to promote domestic tourism and their impact on the relevant regulation of the tourism industry in Russia have been determined. It is concluded that the measures of regulation and support of domestic Russian tourism largely overlap with similar measures taken by the governments of different countries.