Conceptual Foundations of Modern Mythology
The objective of the article is to analyze theoretical and applied myth studies, to establish the role of myth in the process of mythopoeia, to identify the artistic work’s mythopoetic peculiarities that combine imaginative and emotional thinking, subconscious achievements of general culture, auteur worldviews, mythological schemes, structures, motives, symbols, means of poetic speech, etc. Investigation of mythological structures in the poet's artistic worldview system is the key to deciphering the in-depth meanings of the author's myth-thinking. This includes both broader worldwide and more specific ethnic-national cultural achievements along with the individual worldview features, which are formed on rational experience and integrate both actual and imagined reality. All components of the mythic consciousness at the sensory level are most frequently implemented in the works of literature. The universe is explained through ancient ideas and beliefs reflecting ontological and axiological concepts at the mental-verbal level. The mythopoetic analysis of the artistic text allows a more profound understanding and interpretation of the author’s worldview. It deals with immersing into the dimension of poetic allusions, deciphering the implicit code of the poet’s speech, identification of objective and subjective reasons to appeal to ethnocultural sources. The results obtained can be practically employed in teaching such disciplines as: “Theory of Literature”, “History of Literature of the 20th Century”, “Mythological and Neo-Mythological Schools in Literary Science”, as well as in the development of manuals and textbooks, in the study of the mythopoetics of an artistic work. The scientific novelty of this work lies in an improved scientific approach to the interpreting paradigm of myth, archetype, archetypal image, and mythology. The said approach promotes analysis of the methods of implementing the myth in the art of the twentieth century, its impact on the formation of the artist's narrative, and transforming it into literature mythologism.