BIOTECHNOLOGY, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION: THINKING ABOUT INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW, CULTIVARS AND THE COMPULSORY LICENSING ON BIOTECHNOLOGY
It reflects the context of the innovation processes and development in the modern world, environmental concerns and technology developed on the basis of agribusiness. It highlights the increasing importance attached to biotechnology in contemporary society. It also reflects critically the study of intellectual property within biotechnology in the face of the state and the innovation and development. The aim is, first of all, to present the definition, origin and relevant aspect of biotechnology, in order to make more pragmatic the wisdom of this science. This way, it elucidates up on the coverage area of intellectual property protection in this branch of science. This bias also is concerned to demonstrate the Intellectual Property Act by the issue of patents in the biotechnology sector. Observe, then, the study of the Cultivars Act for the use of the patent mechanism exploration. It demonstrates the important aspects and the impact of the Cultivars Act under the intellectual property. The protected cultivars are exemplified as well. It presents the issue of compulsory license under the intellectual property in the field of biotechnology. The objective is to demonstrate the status of this branch of science from the perspective of intellectual property, standardization and strengthening of those rights. Finally, it exposes the importance of protecting this science for development and innovation in the country. For this, cuts to current analysis of Biotechnology and Intellectual Property in Brazil with a focus on specific legislation and the hypothesis of a compulsory license. It is used for bibliographic research in biotechnology, economics and law, with a focus on intellectual property, innovation and development.