A Comparative Study of Health Services’ Management of Adolescents and Youth in Selected Developed Countries and Iran: Developing a Model for Iran
Introduction: Nowadays, adolescent and youth’s health has become increasingly important. The world health organization (WHO) emphasizes the importance of evaluating the structure, process, and outcome of health services. This study was conducted to design a health services’ management of adolescents and youth model for the Iranian population, to improve young people's health. Method: This study is a comparative, quantitative-qualitative study. Countries were selected by comparing adolescent and youth health indicators based on population and availability of information. By studying the health services’ management of adolescents and youth, essential variables and dimensions in the initial model were identified, and a preliminary questionnaire was developed and approved by experts. One hundred seventy-eight final questionnaires were completed by experts. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to determine the practical factors (SPSS 20), and the model’s fit was examined by confirmatory factor analysis (Amos 24). Results: A total of 6 factors were identified as effective in health services’ management of adolescents and youth, including, health service package, human resources, financial resources, equipment and services’ provision, data & statistics information resources, and health service delivery management of adolescents and youth, With a maximum 0.97 operating load had the highest and equipment and services’ provision (0.53), had the least impact. Conclusion: The proposed model has the most significant impact on the management of health services’ management of adolescents and youth components.